Don’t put down your trowel to wait for the frost to arrive. In the majority of the United States, you can work on growing winter vegetables and reap an impressive harvest. A lot of vegetables thrive in the cooler weather of fall and winters that are not too harsh; these same vegetables are able to withstand winter and provide an abundance of fresh flavor to the table. Understanding which winter veggies to cultivate and the best time you should plant them is the key to establishing a winter garden.

Certain vegetables are semi-hardy. They can withstand light temperatures (29 up to 32 F) without causing damage. The list contains various greens, including leafy greens, salad leaves, Swiss Arugula, chard, and endive. Asian greens like mizuna, Tatsoi, and Chinese cabbage are also thriving through light frosts. So do the savoy and the radicchio. Some root crops fall in this category, too, including Irish potato, beets, carrots, and rutabaga.

Consider growing these winter veggies in the fall and spring garden. If you live in areas that have mild winters, such as those in the Southwest, Pacific Northwest, and Southeast, these vegetables will produce throughout the winter. Some, such as salad greens and Swiss chard, must be covered with frost blankets if temperatures are below freezing for longer than a couple of hours.

Other crops grown in winter are tough; that is, they can withstand harsh freezes (25 up to 28° F) without suffering damage. Certain varieties are extremely tough and can tolerate temperatures from the lower 20s to the upper teens. The best cold-weather crops include kale, spinach, and collards. Other tough vegetables comprise broccoli, Brussels sprouts, English peas, and kohlrabi and peas.

The hardiest root crops are turnips and radishes, which can also produce greens in the tops. Other hardy greens include mustard greens, kale, and collards. Parsley is on the list, as well as winter herbaceous plants like thyme, sage, and rosemary.

These hardy winter vegetables are adapted to grow outdoors in the early spring (to produce the spring crops) and then again in the late summer (to produce fall harvests). In regions with mild winters, such as regions like the Southwest, Pacific Northwest, and Southeast, These winter crops are able to grow and produce throughout the winter months. So. bring out your hand tiller and start producing these vegs.