There are many survival techniques and varied, but there are five essential survival skills that anyone who goes out in the wilderness must know and be completely aware of their requirements and use. This is a short outline, not an exhaustive outline of all the prerequisites and equipment required for each category. The most crucial component of survival is right in your ears – your brain. Of all survival strategies you can use, the most essential is NOT PANIC. Use your brain and practice every one of the five essential survival techniques before relying on them.
Basic Survival Skill 1: Fire
The fire is the ultimate survival strategy! It can purify water, cook food, alert rescuers, and offer warmth, light, and even comfort. It also helps keep predators from afar and be a welcomed person to be a friend and companion. For survival, it is vital. Anyone who ventures out into the wilderness should always carry at least two methods to light an open fire – one in their personal area and another with their equipment. A couple of small fires will offer more warmth than a large one. Gather firewood that you believe you’ll need for the night, and take the same amount of wood again as you’ve learned that you’ll require it. Reduce fuel consumption by making a “star fire,”; where the ends of the large logs touch the flame only; pull them inward until you need more fuel. Create a reflector with your space blanket to the back of the wall of your shelter to reflect warmth from the fire to your back. Place it on the rear of your shelter wall.
Basic Survival Skill 2: Shelter
The shelter is a method to protect your body from excessive exposure to the wind, cold, sun, or rain. Anything that reduces or raises your body temperature could be your adversary. The first line of defense is clothing. For protection from the elements, make sure you have the proper clothes for the conditions. Always wear at least a cap. Take every precaution to ensure that the layer close to you is dry. Layers hold in the air and keep you more comfortable than wearing an item of single thick clothing. Don’t spend time and energy building shelters when nature offers one. Make a shelter with a lean-to if you cannot locate your camping spot. Do not delay until you have to construct one. Utilize a blanket for space to stop dampness, protect your shelter from the elements, or cover yourself while sitting or in a squatting posture to concentrate on your body’s heat.
Basic Survival Skill 3: Signaling
Signaling is unique among survival methods in that it offers the capability and means to notify any possible rescuers you might need assistance with. Lights that flash, fire, and bright colored markers, mirrors, flags, and whistles can assist in locating you. Three fires in a triangular design can signal distress that is recognized. Make sure you set up your signal fires to stop the fire from igniting the area around you. Use normal mirrors for signaling only when you see a plane or people out in the distance. Make use of an emergency strobe lamp in the evening to draw the attention of anyone who may be around. Set up a smoky fire using organic material on top of the flame during the day to draw interest. Spread messages on the ground for air signals in an open area, S.O.S. from logs, rocks, or even colored clothing, whatever is visible against the background. Most search and rescue groups employ aircraft as their primary method of spotting.
Basic Survival Skill 4: Food & Water
Water and food are crucial to surviving. You should not ration your sweat but the amount of water you drink. You could go for up to 3 days with no water. Don’t eat anything that you don’t recognize. Never drink urine. Always be aware that you may require additional food and drink as you plan your travels. Keep energy bars and sweets in your bags always to be prepared. If you can, boil the water for 10 minutes, plus 1 minute for each 1100 feet higher than sea level. Strain water using a handkerchief to eliminate big particles. Drink only during the cool hours of the evening. Do not wait until you are out of the water to drink it. Use poly zip bags to store and collect water. Do not consume any wild berries you are unable to identify. You can collect rainwater inside your blanket by spreading it out in a trench.
Basic Survival Skill 5: First Aid
The first aid method isn’t just for essential medical requirements; it’s the most important method you use to stay alive. Do not panic; stay at peace, and do what you can to ensure your health. It’s the smartest option you have when you realize you’re lost or trapped. The most important thing to remember is to ensure your brain stays functioning in a rational manner, which is the most basic aid to survival. Review your requirements before each excursion, outline your medical needs, and keep a small, personal kit with you whenever you travel and a hunting safety harness. The majority of survival situations require dressings for minor bruises, cuts, and medical needs for personal use. Be sure to know what you’ve got in your bag and how you can use it. Don’t pack too much; just carry only the items you believe you’ll need in your bag at all times. To prevent hypothermia, wrap yourself with a space blanket. Make sure you are found and bring a photo of your family members in your gear, and remind yourself of the main reasons to stay at peace and to be able to get through.